orbit: 12,952,000 km from Saturn diameter: 220 km mass: 4.0e18 kgPhoebe (Artemis) was the virgin goddess of the hunt and the Moon; twin sister of Apollo.
Discovered by Pickering in 1898.
Most of Saturn's moons are bright but Phoebe's albedo is very low (.05), as dark as lampblack.
All of Saturn's moons except for Phoebe and Iapetus orbit very nearly in the plane of Saturn's equator. Phoebe's orbit is inclined almost 175° (its north pole is in the opposite direction to Saturn's).
Phoebe's eccentric, retrograde orbit and unusual albedo indicates that it may be a captured asteroid or Kuiper Belt object.
Phoebe is also unusual in that it does not rotate synchronously as do all the other moons of Saturn except Hyperion.
Material knocked off of Phoebe's surface by microscopic meteor impacts may be responsible for the dark surfaces of Hyperion and the leading hemisphere of Iapetus.